The chemical industry is a complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.
The chemical industry consists of companies that produce industrial chemicals. This industry utilizes chemical processes such as chemical reactions and refining methods to convert raw materials—such as oil, natural gas, air, water, metals, and minerals—into more than 70,000 different products. These products include petrochemicals, agrochemicals, ceramics, polymers, and rubber (elastomers), oleochemicals (oils, fats, and waxes), explosives, fragrances, and flavors. The chemical industry is, thus, central to the modern world economy.
The chemical industry creates an immense variety of products which impinge on virtually every aspect of our lives.
Many of the products from the industry, such as detergents, soaps, and perfumes, are purchased directly by the consumer others are used as intermediates to make other products, For example, in Europe, 70% of chemicals manufactured are used to make products by other industries including other branches of the chemical industry itself.
How does the chemical industry contribute to an economy?
The chemical industry is a very important contributor to the wealth of a country. For example, it contributes over 1% to the Gross National Product (GNP) of European countries, which is over 6% of the total GNP produced by all manufacturing industries. Generally, personnel in the industry are among the most well-rewarded of all manufacturing industries because the industry has the largest proportion of highly qualified people and generally it is the most productive.
The chemical industry accounts for 7% of global income and 9% of global trade, adding up to US$1.5 trillion in sales in 1998, with 80% of the world’s output produced by 16 countries. Production is projected to increase by 85% by 2020 compared to the 1995 levels. This will be in pace with GDP growth in the United States, but at twice the per capita intensity. There will be strong market penetration by countries other than these 16, especially in commodity chemicals (OECD, 2001). Over the past half-century, the largest growth in the volume of any category of materials has been in petrochemical-based plastics; and in terms of revenue, it was pharmaceuticals. The latter, in the past two decades, has become number one.
Overall production has shifted from predominantly commodity chemicals to fine and specialty chemicals, and now it is the life sciences. In the United States, the chemical industry contributes 5% of GDP and adds 12% of the value to GDP by all U.S. manufacturing industries, and it is also the nation’s top exporter (Lenz and Lafrance, 1996). This information speaks volumes about the importance of chemical industries in our day-to-day life and in supporting the nation’s economy. But it is plagued with several problems, such as running out of petrochemical feedstock, environmental issues, toxic discharge, depletion of nonrenewable resources, short-term and long-term health problems due to exposure of the public to chemicals and solvents, and safety concerns, among others.
-Chemical plants are a very harsh environment for metals and equipment due to the heavy corrosion factor. Stainless steel is the best choice to withstand the corrosion elements.
-There are many types of equipment which are used in the chemical industry.
-It’s a vast industry so it depends on the operations which are to be performed in the industry and as per those equipment are used.
-Mostcommonly used equipment is of course reactors, storage vessels, day tanks, pumps, heat exchangers, distillation columns, extraction column, driers, cooling towers ending with the irreplaceable step which is filling & packaging to be delivered to users.
Reasons for using stainless steel in chemicals industry :
Stainless Steel is Adaptable, Resists Everyday Corrosion, Easy to Keep Clean and Pays for Itself.
Problems facing chemicals manufacturers in filling & packaging :
Seeking for accuracy
A major issue that many chemical manufacturers experience is accurately filling containers of different sizes with the product. Overfilling containers means giving away too much of your product. Underfilling containers can upset customers who are paying for the amount that was previously advertised.
In addition to more accurate weight filling and capping capabilities, an efficient filling machine system can move liquids and withstand acidity levels without clogging or spillage. Whether the liquid is thick and highly viscous or thin and watery, the chemical filling machine can pump it at the desired volume and rate based on your operational needs.
-Always read the safety data sheet and the text on the packaging carefully when you are about to use a product with which you are not completely familiar with the risks. Contact the environmental co-ordinator if you are unsure about handling methods.
-Use personal protection equipment (e.g. gloves, face mask) where necessary.
-Surplus chemicals and hazardous waste must be dealt with in accordance with the information in the safety data sheet.
-First Aid equipment must be available.
Workplaces must be cleaned regularly. There must not be chemical spills on the floor.
-Smoking is forbidden in the factory area outside specially assigned smoking areas. If you smoke, remember to wash your hands before lighting up a cigarette. Otherwise, chemical substances can be transferred by skin contact or breathed in.
-Immediately wash off chemical traces from the skin. Read the safety data sheet or ask your immediate superior if you are not sure what needs to be done.
-Food products must not be stored or eaten in premises where chemicals are handled.
–Work clothes must be kept clean. If you have been in contact with chemicals, take a shower before you go home.
Why filling & packaging machines is an important step in chemicals industry ?
packaging machines lower the amount of waste while being able to fill and cap a high volume of containers. In addition, these machines promote a clean and safe environment for workers
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overflow filling system
Application:Automatic Overflow Fillers for Liquid Packaging Solutions are ideal for low to medium viscosity liquid products & products that are “foamy”.
Products: juice, oil, water, vinegar & milk
Machine In Action
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Piston Pump MAchine
Application:Automatic line Piston pump Fillers for Liquid Packaging Solutions are ideal for high & medium viscosity liquid products it’s built to meet food grade standards and can also chemical.
Products: Chocolate, Jam, Sauce, Tomato paste, Chemicals & cosmetic creams, heavy shampoo, heavy oils, and lubricants.