We live in a World of Sensors. You can find different types of Sensors in our homes, offices, cars etc. Working to make our lives easier by turning on the lights by detecting our presence, adjusting the room temperature, detect smoke or fire, make us delicious coffee, open garage doors as soon as our car is near the door and many other tasks.
A sensor is a device used to measure a property, such as pressure, position, temperature, or acceleration, and respond with feedback. TE Connectivity (TE) is a global technology leader, providing sensors and connectivity essential in today’s increasingly connected world. TE is one of the largest sensor companies in the world. Our sensors are vital to the next generation of data-driven technology. We offer different types of sensors for applications across a wide range of industries, including Automotive, Industrial, Medical, Appliance, Aerospace & Defense, and Industrial and Commercial Transportation.
All these and many other automation tasks are possible because of Sensors. Before going into the details of What is a Sensor, What are the Different Types of Sensors and Applications of these different types of Sensors, we will first take a look at a simple example of an automated system, which is possible because of Sensors (and many other components as well).
Popular types of sensors:
- Temperature Sensor.
- Proximity Sensor.
- IR Sensor (Infrared Sensor).
- Pressure Sensor.
- Light Sensor.
- Ultrasonic Sensor.
- Smoke, Gas and Alcohol Sensor.
- Touch Sensor.
- Color Sensor.
- Humidity Sensor.
- Tilt Sensor.
- Flow and Level Sensor
How sensors work:A sensor is a device that detects and responds to some type of input from the physical environment. The specific input could be light, heat, motion, moisture, pressure, or any one of a great number of other environmental phenomena. The output is generally a signal that is converted to human-readable display at the sensor location or transmitted electronically over a network for reading or further processing.
Here are a few examples of the many different types of sensors:
In a mercury-based glass thermometer, the input is temperature.The liquid contains expands and contracts in response, causing the level to be higher or lower on the marked gauge, which is human-readable.
An oxygen sensor in a car’s emission control system detects the gasoline/oxygen ratio, usually through a chemical reaction that generates a voltage. A computer in the engine reads the voltage and, if the mixture is not optimal, readjusts the balance.
Motion sensors in various systems including home security lights, automatic doors and bathroom fixtures typically send out some type of energy, such as microwaves, ultrasonic waves or light beams and detect when the flow of energy is interrupted by something entering its path.
Need for Sensors:
- Sensors are pervasive. They are embedded in our bodies, automobiles, airplanes, cellular telephones, radios, chemical plants, industrial plants and countless other applications.
- Accelerate processes and make them more accurate.
- Collect process and asset data in real time.
- Monitor processes and assets accurately, reliably, and continuously
- Increase productivity and reduce total cost of ownership.
- Lower energy wastage.
We at CUBII use international-quality sensors, which leads to the excellence of the quality of CUBII machines in the Egyptian industry market. You can follow the work of the machines through YouTube: